The vineyard of Bergerac is a part of southwest France and is situated around the town of Bergerac in the Dordogne and comprises 93 municipalities. Its boundaries correspond more or less to those of the district of Bergerac and it is located immediately east of the Bordeaux wine region where 1,200 winegrowers cultivate an area of 30,000 acres and produces world’s best quality of red, white and rose wines.
The vineyards extend over the southern part of the Dordogne, reason being the floor of Bergerac offers excellent drainage due to its proximity to the Dordogne River. Approximately fifteen percent of the wine of AOC Bergerac is sold outside France, mainly to the UK, Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands.
As in the neighboring wine-growing region of Bordeaux, the cultivation of the vine began in this newly created district Bergeracois with the arrival of the Romans. Wine occupied a rapidly growing place in the local economy; the Dordogne River helped the wine trade along its navigable sections to promote.
The fall of the Roman Empire had few negative effects on the wine, as the Visigoths, the new masters of the country, avid wine drinkers. , the arrival of the Saracens and subsequent Viking raids were a serious blow to the wine. The Muslims ordered the extermination of all vines and the northerly along with the threat of danger invaders let communities retreat into themselves and all trading was killed.
The area Bergerac has wines produced since the thirteenth century and wines exported since 1254, when it shipped his cohorts to England began based on special privileges of Henry III of England. The fourteenth century Bergerac had quality standards for its wine regions strictly defined. Despite special rights Bergerac during this time Bordeaux was known to use his position downstream and near the mouth of the Garonne, to give his own wines precedence over barrels of Bergerac wines, the so-called bearing on freight. However, the Parliament of Guyenne Bergerac a freight contract to its wines in 1511 granted free transport to the Atlantic. Up to this time the Evangelical dominated Bergerac also led trade with Holland and Scandinavia on a country lane.
The southwestern province of La Guyenne was a region in which flourished Calvinism. As the religious wars broke out, emigrated many Protestants, especially after Holland. Their attachment to their own, local produce meant that the popularity of Bergerac wines rose. The winery decided to change its strategy and focused on the production of dry white and sweet dessert wines, after which there was a demand in that market. In the 20th century, when the limits of the Bordeaux vineyards were established, it was decided that they should match those of the Gironde department. Bergerac wines that had been sold long under the generic name of Bordeaux had to find overnight a new and separate identity. The Libourne merchants, who had traditionally sold these wines, now gave to the wines of Bordeaux label priority, before they ever even tried to find a market for their other wines.